What next after GCSE maths?
Many able home-ed students take GCSE maths early, and wonder what the next step might be. Additional Maths is a stepping-stone between GCSE and AS-level maths. You can move straight on to A-level maths and, as with GCSE, there is no coursework so all A-level maths exams are available to private candidates. However, this might complicate the situation if you intend to apply to university or go to sixth form, because universities sometimes make offers based only on A-levels yet to be taken, and for 3 taken simultaneously. If going to sixth form, they may insist you take three or more A-levels regardless of whether you already have some. In addition, if you want to study maths at university, some leading departments want to know your A-level UMS (percentage mark), so it may make sense to leave it until you're sure you'll do well. In the meantime, you could look at Additional Maths, and the UK Mathematics Trust activities, to broaden and deepen your mathematics education.
Additional Maths / FSMQ
Additional Maths is a stepping stone between GCSE / IGCSE and A-level, and is used to stretch able students who have completed their GCSE maths before they start the A-level course, and to keep them in practice at maths. Some schools enter their more able maths students for GCSE in Year 10 (aged approx 15) and then either Additional Maths or IGCSE Maths in Year 11 (aged approx 16).
CAIE Additional Maths
It provides a strong foundation of mathematical knowledge both for candidates studying mathematics at a higher level and those who will require mathematics to support skills in other subjects. It is designed to stretch the most able candidates and provides a smooth transition to Cambridge AS & A Level Mathematics.
OCR Free-Standing Maths Qualification (FSMQ)
Syllabus code 6993
1 x 2-hour exam paper.
This is a popular and well-respected qualification. It is accredited at Level 3, the same difficulty as AS-levels, although the content is smaller. It is graded A-E - as with AS levels, there is no A* grade. It carries up to 10 UCAS points for university entry.
OCR says: "This qualification provides candidates with an introduction to the mathematics studied in AS and A Level GCE modules. It is designed as an enrichment programme for those students who have a thorough knowledge of the content of the Higher Tier of the National Curriculum for Mathematics. They should have achieved grade A*, A or B on the legacy GCSE or be expected to achieve a 9, 8 or 7 on the reformed GCSE (9-1) content. ...; It is designed for those students who have sat, or are studying, the Higher Tier of the National Curriculum for Mathematics."
Edexcel IGCSE Further Pure Maths
Edexcel IGCSE Further Pure Mathematics 4PM1 from 2017 - Edexcel details and resources - see 'Teaching and learning resources' tab for scheme of work, 'getting started guide', and more.
First exams are June 2019. Available in January and June thereafter. Graded 9-3 .
2 x 2-hour papers, calculator allowed for both. Some formulae available on a sheet and some you have to memorise (the specification explains which)
Level 2, ie GCSE-level.
Edexcel say in the 'Edexcel Further Pure Maths - Getting Started Guide' :
- The content is very similar to the previous 4PM0 specification but has been updated to ensure progression to International A-Level and GCE A level Mathematics.
- This specification is intended for students who have a high ability in, or are motivated
by, mathematics. The content and assessment approach has been designed to provide an additional Level 2 International GCSE qualification, which extends mathematical techniques beyond those covered in International GCSE/GCSE in mathematics.
- The assessment model has two, 2-hour papers with a single tier of entry at grades 9-4 with 3 allowed. It focuses on mathematical skills, techniques and concepts, and how
to use them to solve problems. Both papers have some shorter questions that provide accessibility to all, and also longer in- depth questions that are useful preparation for the extended problems met at A Level.
Changes from previous specification 4PM0
See 'Edexcel Further Pure Maths - Getting Started Guide' page 6. Very few changes from previous spec - mainly grading system plus some material to differentiate between highest scorers.
AQA Level 2 Certificate in Further Mathematics
AQA Further Maths Certificate/IGCSE will still be available after the move to new 9-1 GCSEs.
"Our Level 2 Certificate in Further Mathematics is complementary to our new Mathematics GCSE, so we do intend to continue offering this qualification." [Source: AQA announcement on the AQA Certificate]
Comments from home-educators
One family's experience:
DS1 took his maths GCSE aged 12 because he wanted to. He got an A*, then just pottered with maths for a couple of years after GCSE, and instead focussed on other subjects. I felt that physics (which he did aged 13) and Chemistry (aged 14) would provide some decent practice. He started working through the A-level maths books aged 14 and completed 5 of the 6 units for single maths before we changed course - he didn't take any exams, but had done the work. The plan was that he would take single maths A-level in 2013 aged 15, then further maths in 2014, and go to sixth form already having those two A-levels plus possibly one other. Then, in autumn last year, we went round a couple of sixth forms, including a maths specialist grammar school, which DS1 liked.
I had lots of email correspondence with their head of maths, asking if it would be an issue if DS1 arrived there with single A-level maths, thinking that maybe if he didn't finish Further Maths at home, he could do it at sixth form. He replied that it would be better from their point of view if he arrived without any maths A-levels because it could be difficult to timetable further maths for someone who already had single maths - they're not separate subjects of course, and the students taking double maths will all be in the same classes together the rest of the time, so I think it would be difficult to separate out just the further maths lessons. Also, the school would still require students to do a minimum of 4 subjects even if they had already done some A-levels, so if he'd done his best subject at home, he would have to choose other subjects to make up his numbers. This was what made DS1 decide to leave A-level maths until sixth form; he said he definitely wanted to do his best subject at sixth form. I think there are several reasons. First,, just going to sixth form is going to be an upheaval - early mornings etc - so doing subjects he finds harder would add to that. Secondly, it would be a confidence boost to be studying something you know you can do well in.
The Head of Maths said that they were discouraging their own students from doing early entry for A-level, no matter how able, because unis are now looking at UMS scores and not just grades, so it was vital to get a good grade first time round if the student might want to study maths at university. He suggested that it would be better for DS1 to keep his hand in doing the FSMQ (the OCR Additional Maths qualification) and perhaps the AQA additional maths and the UKMT challenges. He recommended the UKMT Mentoring Scheme, which we're on the waiting list for now - but you can access their materials online free (it's just the email mentor we're waiting for). We also had some great suggestions from members of the HE Exams yahoogroup, which are on the wiki page (below).
DS1 did the FSMQ (OCR Additional Maths); he didn't need long to prepare for it as it's intended as a filler for school children who've taken their GCSE maths early and want to go on to A-level maths. Rather than take another maths qualification in his last year of home-ed, he decided to do his own thing, look at maths from different approaches, and learn to play the guitar. This has all been very positive, and clearly didn't put off the school as he has a place for September.
I know someone (at school) whose school puts bright kids in for AS maths early, in yr11 (GCSE year). This has ended up really restricting the child's choice at sixth form because he too has found that most other places can't really accommodate him turning up with one AS-level and he'd have to repeat the material. This is not a problem if you're planning on doing A-levels from home, of course.
UK Mathematics Trust / Maths Olympiad
The United Kingdom Mathematics Trust run individual maths competitions which are puzzle-solving exercises. It is a different approach to maths from the usual examination style and offers the opportunity for everyone to have fun, while stretching able students. Top scorers win certificates and the opportunity to go through to prestigious further rounds such as the Kangaroo and the Maths Olympiad.
"Q. Can home schooled pupils take the challenges?
A. Challenges must be taken in a school or college. Parents will need to contact their local school to ask if they participate in the Challenges, and make arrangements locally for their child to take part at this school."
Some other interesting material on the website was quite difficult to find so is listed here:
The UK Maths Trust Mentoring scheme has lots of past problems and solutions to stretch kids in maths.